Selling Guide

Published August 29, 2017

B7-3-04: Property Insurance Coverage for Units in Project Developments (06/28/2016)

This topic contains information on property insurance coverage for units in project developments, including:

Coverage for Units in Project Developments

Fannie Mae generally does not require individual insurance policies for a condo unit that secures a first mortgage or for a co-op share loan. However, if the legal documents for the project allow for unit insurance policies for each first mortgage that Fannie Mae purchases or securitizes in a condo or co-op project, Fannie Mae will accept the individual unit insurance policies that meet the requirements in B7-3-06, Evidence of Property Insurance, and Chapter B7–3, Property and Flood Insurance.

Required Coverage for Condo, Co-op, or PUD Projects

This section covers property insurance requirements for insurance policies covering the common elements of condo, co-op, and PUD projects—the project’s blanket or master policy.

Acceptable policies must provide coverage for either an individual project or multiple affiliated projects. The insurance policy must at a minimum protect against fire and all other hazards that are normally covered by the standard extended coverage endorsement, and all other perils customarily covered for similar types of projects, including those covered by the standard “all risk” or “special form” endorsement. If the policy does not include an “all risk” or “special form” endorsement, Fannie Mae will accept a policy that includes the “broad form” covered causes of loss. The applicable requirements are:

  • PUD Requirements — The HOA must maintain a property insurance policy, with premiums being paid as a common expense. The policy must cover all of the common elements except for those that are normally excluded from coverage, such as land, foundation, and excavations. Fixtures and building service equipment that are considered part of the common elements, as well as common personal property and supplies, should be covered.

    Individual insurance policies are also required for each unit mortgage that Fannie Mae purchases in a PUD project. If the project’s legal documents allow for blanket insurance policies to cover both the individual units and the common elements, Fannie Mae will accept the blanket policies in satisfaction of its insurance requirements for the units.

  • Condo Requirements — The lender must review the entire condo project insurance policy to ensure the HOA maintains a master or blanket type of insurance policy, with premiums being paid as a common expense. The insurance requirements vary based on the type of HOA master or blanket insurance policy as follows:

    • “Single Entity” policy: The policy must cover all of the general and limited common elements that are normally included in coverage. These include fixtures, building service equipment, and common personal property and supplies belonging to the HOA. The policy also must cover fixtures, equipment, and replacement of improvements and betterments that have been made inside the individual unit being financed. The amount of coverage must be sufficient to restore the condo unit to its condition prior to a loss claim event. If the unit interior improvements are not included under the terms of this policy type, the borrower is required to have an HO-6 policy with coverage, as determined by the insurer, which is sufficient to repair the condo unit to its condition prior to a loss claim event.

    • “All-In” (sometimes known as an “all-inclusive”) policy: The policy must cover all of the general and limited common elements that are normally included in coverage. These include fixtures, building service equipment, and common personal property and supplies belonging to the HOA. The policy also must cover fixtures, equipment, and replacement of improvements and betterments that have been made inside the individual unit being financed. If the unit interior improvements are not included under the terms of this policy type, the borrower is required to have an HO-6 policy with coverage, as determined by the insurer, which is sufficient to repair the condo unit to its condition prior to a loss claim event.

    • “Bare Walls” policy: This policy typically provides no coverage for the unit interior, which includes fixtures, equipment, and replacement of interior improvements and betterments. As a result, the borrower must obtain an individual HO-6 policy that provides coverage sufficient to repair the condo unit to its condition prior to a loss claim event, as determined by the insurer.

  • Co-op Requirements — The co-op corporation must maintain a property insurance policy, with premiums being paid as a common expense. The policy must cover the entire project, including the individual units.

Amount of Coverage

Insurance must cover 100% of the insurable replacement cost of the project improvements, including the individual units in the project. An insurance policy that includes any of the following coverage, either in the policy language or in a specific endorsement to the policy, is acceptable:

  • Guaranteed Replacement Cost–the insurer agrees to replace the insurable property regardless of the cost,

  • Extended Replacement Cost–the insurer agrees to pay more than the property’s insurable replacement cost, or

  • Replacement Cost–the insurer agrees to pay up to 100% of the property’s insurable replacement cost.

Policies with Coinsurance

Policies with coinsurance provisions can create additional risk for an HOA in the event of a loss if the amount of insurance coverage is less than the full insurable value. Master property policies that provide coverage at 100% of the insurable replacement cost of the project improvements, including the individual units, alleviate the risk of a coinsurance penalty being applied in the event of a loss.

If the policy has a coinsurance clause, inclusion of an Agreed Amount Endorsement or selection of the Agreed Value Option (which waives the requirement for coinsurance) is considered acceptable evidence that the 100% insurable replacement cost requirement has been met. If an Agreed Amount/Agreed Value provision is used, the Agreed Amount must be no less than the estimated replacement cost.

If the policy includes a coinsurance clause, but the coinsurance provision is not waived, the policy is still eligible if evidence acceptable to the lender confirms that the amount of coverage is at least equal to 100% of the insurable replacement cost of the project improvements. This evidence (documentation) must be maintained by the lender.

Maximum Deductible Amounts

For policies covering the common elements in a PUD project and for policies covering condo or co-op projects, the maximum deductible amount must be no greater than 5% of the face amount of the policy.

For losses related to individual units in a co-op project or for individual PUD units that are covered by the blanket policy for the project, the maximum deductible amount related to the individual unit should be no greater than 5% of the replacement cost of the unit. If, however, the policy provides for a wind-loss deductible (either in the policy itself or in a separate endorsement), that deductible must be no greater than 5% of the face amount of the policy.

For blanket insurance policies that cover both the individual units and the common elements, the maximum deductible amount related to the individual unit should be no greater than 5% of the replacement cost of the unit.

Special Endorsements

The requirements for endorsements for condo, co-op, and PUD projects are as follows:

  • Inflation Guard Endorsement, when it can be obtained;

  • Building Ordinance or Law Endorsement, if the enforcement of any building, zoning, or land-use law would result in loss or damage, increased cost of repairs or reconstruction, or additional demolition and removal costs to rebuild after a covered loss event occurs. The endorsement must provide for contingent liability from the operation of building laws, demolition costs, and increased costs of reconstruction. The endorsement is not required if it is not applicable or the coverage is not obtainable in the insurance market available to the association; and

  • Boiler and Machinery/Equipment Breakdown Endorsement, if the project has central heating or cooling. This endorsement should provide for the insurer’s minimum liability per accident to at least equal the lesser of $2 million or the insurable value of the building(s) housing the boiler or machinery. In lieu of obtaining this as an endorsement to the commercial package policy, the project may purchase separate standalone boiler and machinery coverage.

Special Requirements for Condo Projects

Additional insurance policy requirements for condo projects are as follows:

  • Any Insurance Trust Agreement is recognized.

  • The right of subrogation against unit owners is waived.

  • The insurance is not prejudiced by any acts or omissions of individual unit owners that are not under the control of HOA.

  • The policy must be primary, even if a unit owner has other insurance that covers the same loss.

Named Insured

The table below provides the requirements regarding the name of the insured entity.

Coverage Type Requirement for Named Insured
Condo projects The policy must show the HOA as the named insured. If the condo’s legal documents permit it, the policy can specify an authorized representative of the HOA, including its insurance trustee, as the named insured. The “loss payable” clause should show the HOA or the insurance trustee as a trustee for each unit owner and the holder of each unit’s mortgage loan.
PUD common areas The policy must show the HOA as the named insured.
Co-op projects The policy must show the co-op corporation as the named insured.

See B7-3-08, Mortgagee Clause for Property and Flood Insurance, for additional requirements that pertain to the mortgagee clause requirements.

Notices of Changes or Cancellation

The table below provides the notification requirements for notices of policy changes or cancellations.

Project Type Requirement
Condo The policy must require the insurer to notify in writing the HOA (or insurance trustee) at least 10 days before it cancels or substantially changes a condo project’s coverage.
Co-op The policy must require the insurer to notify in writing the HOA (or insurance trustee) at least 30 days before it cancels or substantially changes a co-op project’s coverage.

Related Announcements

The table below provides references to the Announcements that have been issued that are related to this topic.

Announcements Issue Date
Announcement SEL-2016–05 June 28, 2016
Announcement SEL-2014–10 July 29, 2014
Announcement SEL-2013–08 October 22, 2013
Announcement SEL-2012–01 January 31, 2012
Announcement SEL-2011–13 December 20, 2011
Announcement 08-34 December 16, 2008