The final results of the QC reviews must be reported to the lender’s senior management within 30 days after the month in which the QC review is completed. For example, selections for post-closing reviews of loans originated during the month of May must be made by the last day of June. Reviews must be completed by the end of August and the results of the reviews must be reported to senior management not later than the end of September.
Although Fannie Mae does not specify an exact format for reports, the lender must design reports that are useful to management for evaluating and monitoring the quality of the lender’s mortgage loan production. The management reports must cover QC results at a high level by focusing on defects and broad trends that are revealed by the review process, as well as identifying mortgage loans or items that need specific corrective action.
Reporting needs are unique to each lender; however, at a minimum, post-closing QC reports must be produced monthly and
reflect the final defect rate for the results of the current review period (taking into account responses and resolution of the initial QC findings);
include trending information (issues and top defects);
distinguish between defects related to compliance with federal, state, or local laws and regulations and underwriting and eligibility defects;
report on each type of review (random and discretionary) and provide results using consistent methodology and terminology across review types;
include intended corrective actions; and
summarize the results of each individual review type into a comprehensive, summary report of all QC findings.
The lender must notify Fannie Mae within 30 days of confirmation that one or more defects identified through the QC file review process results in the loan being ineligible as delivered to Fannie Mae. Notification must be made using the self-report functionality in Loan Quality Connect.
When making the self-report to Fannie Mae, the lender must provide Fannie Mae with a report of its findings and copies of the relevant documentation that support the reason for the finding. For example, if tax return transcripts reveal that qualifying income was inaccurate such that the borrower was not qualified for the loan on the terms and pricing offered, the lender should provide copies of the original income documentation and the tax return transcripts with its notification to Fannie Mae.
For information on the lender’s responsibility to self-report any misrepresentation, fraud, or other possible breach of a selling warranty or compliance with laws, see A2-2-01, Contractual Representations and Warranties, A3-2-01, Compliance With Laws, and A3-4-03, Preventing, Detecting, and Reporting Mortgage Fraud.
The lender must retain all written and electronic records that are created as part of a QC review process for a minimum of three years. These records include documentation of QC reports, QC review findings, successful rebuttal documentation, as well as documentation related to any corrective actions. The lenders must provide Fannie Mae with a copy of its records upon request.
The lender must have an independent audit process to ensure that its QC process and procedures are followed by the QC staff, and that assessments and conclusions are recorded and consistently applied. The findings must be accurately recorded and consistent with the defects noted in the lender’s system of record.
Results of the QC audit must be distributed to senior management. It must include an affirmative statement that no influence from other business units or bias in the QC conclusions was apparent. Management must distribute the results to the appropriate areas within the organization and an action plan must be established for remediation or changes to policies or processes, if appropriate. The lender must provide a copy of the QC audits and the audit of the QC process to Fannie Mae upon request.
The table below provides references to the Announcements that have been issued that are related to this topic.
|Announcement SEL-2019-07||August 07, 2019|
|Announcement SEL-2019-03||April 03, 2019|
|Announcement SEL-2016–02||February 23, 2016|
|Announcement SEL-2014–10||July 29, 2014|
|Announcement SEL-2013–05||July 30, 2013|
|Announcement SEL-2012–01||January 31, 2012|
|Announcement SEL-2010–03||March 29, 2010|