Selling Guide

Published September 4, 2018

  • Selling Guide: Main Page
    • Part B: Origination Through Closing
      • B5: Unique Eligibility and Underwriting Considerations
        • B5-5: Community Seconds, Community Land Trusts, DU Refi Plus and Refi Plus, and Loans with Resale Restrictions
          • B5-5.3: Loans with Resale Restrictions
            • B5-5.3-03: Loans with Resale Restrictions: Underwriting and Collateral Considerations (07/28/2015)

B5-5.3-03: Loans with Resale Restrictions: Underwriting and Collateral Considerations (07/28/2015)

This topic provides information on loans with resale restrictions, including:

Underwriting Methods

Loans with resale restrictions may be underwritten manually or with DU. DU will issue a message that the lender must ensure that the loan meets all the requirements for properties with resale restrictions, including property type, amortization type, and loan purpose.

Calculation of LTV Ratios

When resale restrictions terminate automatically upon foreclosure (or the expiration of any applicable redemption period), or the recordation of a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure, the sales price is typically not a reliable indicator of market value for the property. Accordingly, for these types of mortgages, Fannie Mae permits lenders the option to use the appraised value of the property without resale restrictions, rather than the lesser of sales price or appraised value with the restrictions in place, when calculating the LTV and CLTV ratios (and HCLTV ratio if applicable).

Fannie Mae is permitting this calculation based on the market value without resale restrictions because it is indicative of the actual value of the property in the event of a foreclosure or acceptance of a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure (disregarding factors that may affect value after origination and prior to foreclosure).

For loans underwritten with DU, the lender must enter “Affordable LTV” in the Product Description field in the Additional Data section on the online loan application. This will result in DU calculating the LTV, CLTV, and HCLTV ratios based solely on the appraised value for purchase transactions (and not the lesser of the sales price or appraised value).

When resale restrictions survive foreclosure or a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure and the resale restrictions limit the sales price of the property, the lender must use the lesser of the sales price or appraised value of the property with resale restrictions when calculating the LTV, CLTV, and HCLTV ratios, which is the standard method of calculation. Fannie Mae is requiring the standard calculation on the lower value due to the presence of resale restrictions, which would limit the property’s sales price in the event of foreclosure or acceptance of a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure.

Allowable Resale Restrictions

Fannie Mae will purchase mortgages that are subject to one or more of the following types of resale restrictions (although some restrictions are likely to occur only in combination with others):

  • income limits,

  • age-related requirements (senior communities must comply with applicable laws),

  • purchasers must be employed by the subsidy provider,

  • principal residence requirements,

  • first-time home buyer requirements as designated by the subsidy provider,

  • properties that are group homes or that are principally used to serve disabled residents, and

  • resale price limits.

Duration of Resale Restrictions

Fannie Mae will purchase mortgages secured by properties subject to resale restrictions:

  • when the restrictions terminate automatically upon foreclosure (or the expiration of any applicable redemption period),

  • upon the recordation of a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure, or

  • when the resale restrictions survive foreclosure.

There are no restrictions on the length of the period in which the resale restrictions may remain in place on the property.

If the resale restrictions survive foreclosure, the lender represents and warrants that the resale restrictions do not impair the servicer’s ability to foreclose on the restricted property.

If the resale restrictions terminate at foreclosure, the subsidy provider is not entitled to obtain any proceeds from future sale(s) or transfer(s) of the property after foreclosure or acceptance of a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure.

If the resale restrictions survive foreclosure, the subsidy provider is not entitled to obtain any proceeds from the initial sale or transfer of the property after foreclosure, from the foreclosing mortgage holder who obtained the property at foreclosure or pursuant to a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure.

Resale Restriction Appraisal Requirements

In cases where the resale restrictions terminate automatically upon foreclosure (or the expiration of any applicable redemption period), or upon recordation of a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure, the appraisal should reflect the market value of the property without resale restrictions.

The lender must ensure that the borrower and appraiser are aware of the resale restrictions and should advise the appraiser that he or she must include the following statement in the appraisal report:

  • “This appraisal is made on the basis of a hypothetical condition that the property rights being appraised are without resale and other restrictions that are terminated automatically upon the latter of foreclosure or the expiration of any applicable redemption period, or upon recordation of a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure.”

In cases where the resale restrictions survive foreclosure or deed-in-lieu of foreclosure, the appraisal must reflect the impact the restrictions have on value and be supported by comparables with similar restrictions.

The appraisal report must note the existence of the resale restrictions and comment on any impact the resale restrictions have on the property’s value and marketability.

Related Announcements

The table below provides references to the Announcements that have been issued that are related to this topic.

Announcements Issue Date
Announcement SEL-2015–08 July 28, 2015